All about the causes of prostatitis in men and risk factors for the development of the disease

The causes of prostatitis are always "on the surface" of men's everyday life, and very rarely the disease occurs due to serious internal pathologies. Most often, the cause of prostatitis is a banal genitourinary infection, which arose from multiple sexual intercourse and non-compliance with basic rules of hygiene.

exercise for prostatitis

Prostatitis in men is an inflammation of the prostate. It is accompanied by many unpleasant subjective sensations and often disturbs a man's quality of life. Prevention has always been the most effective way to deal with any disease, but to properly prevent and treat prostate inflammation, you need to know its causes.

frequency of occurrence

According to statistics, prostatitis in men is one of the most common urological diseases. It occurs in men both at a young age and in the elderly. According to various observations, this disease appears at least once in 30% of men aged 30-40 years, in 40% - in the age of 40-50 years, and in 50% - over 50 years.

In recent years, for various reasons, the following trend has been observed: prostatitis begins to occur at a younger age. It is often he who causes male infertility.

the course of the disease

The clinical picture of prostatitis in men is different, depending on the initial state of health in general and the immune system in particular, as well as individual characteristics and lifestyle. The disease can develop asymptomatically for a long time at a young age, but in the end it will still manifest as difficulty urinating, sexual disturbances or infertility.

There are two main forms of prostatitis:

  • Infectious.
  • Congestive (non-infectious).

Based on this classification, all causes of the development of prostatitis can also be divided into two groups: those that form a focus of infection in the small pelvis and impede blood and lymphatic circulation in the prostate.

Factors that cause acute inflammation

back pain with prostatitis

The acute process in men is clinically more pronounced, symptoms develop suddenly and cause the most unpleasant subjective sensations. It is often accompanied by the appearance of high body temperature (38-39 ° degrees).

The most common causes of such a pathological condition can be a genitourinary infection in the form of cystitis, pyelonephritis, urethritis, as well as sexually transmitted diseases (especially in young people).

The most significant causative agents of the acute process:

  • Escherichia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
  • Klebsiella.
  • protein.
  • enterococci.
  • Staphylococcus aureus.
  • Trichomonas.
  • Gonorrhea.

Pathogenic intestinal bacteria enter the prostate through the urethra and rectum. Furthermore, these pathogens can be transmitted from partner to partner during sexual contact, and to the question whether prostatitis is sexually transmitted, one can answer that it is not the disease itself that is transmitted, but its pathogens.

What causes chronic inflammation?

The causes of the development of prostatitis in its chronic form can also be of infectious origin. But these are pathogens of a different kind, they cause an asymptomatic, slow disease with a dismal clinical picture. Temperature in chronic prostatitis is more often normal, rarely subfebrile, constant, not higher than 37. 5 degrees. As a rule, unpleasant symptoms trouble men during an exacerbation of the disease.

pain in a man with prostatitis

The main reason for the transition from the acute to the chronic form of the disease is inadequate treatment or its complete absence.

The characteristic causes of prostatitis in its chronic form are:

  • Mycoplasmas.
  • Chlamydia.
  • Ureaplasma.
  • Cytomegalovirus.
  • Candida.

Sometimes bacteria or viruses enter the prostate with blood flow from other organs affected by the inflammatory process. And then this disease can occur due to tonsillitis, bronchitis, sinusitis or even caries.

Congestive prostatitis is most often chronic. The reasons for its occurrence are provoked:

  • Sedentary lifestyle.
  • Prostate injury.
  • Constipation.
  • Sedentary work (especially cross-legged work).
  • Regular hypothermia or overheating of the pelvic area.
  • Features of the anatomical structure of the prostate and urethra.
  • Frequent retention of urination.
  • Bad habits (alcohol, smoking).
  • Irregular sex life.

Separately, it should be said that the development of prostatitis can cause masturbation. In men, onanism weakens the tone of the prostate muscles. As a result, it becomes flaccid and atonic, which is clinically manifested by congestive prostatitis.

Masturbation also causes frequent flows of blood in the prostate area and, as a result, congestion in it. Mechanical trauma to the foreskin and glans penis can lead to the development of balanoposthitis. In this case, a direct path to the prostate through the urethra opens up for bacteria.

It is possible to choose an appropriate treatment for prostatitis only when the causes that caused it are established.