Prostatitis is a disease that every man suffers in certain periods of his life. Inflammation of the prostate can occur due to infections in the body or hypothermia. Basically, this disease occurs in men after 40 years. With age, there is a change in the hormonal background in a man's body, as a result of which some disorders in the work of the prostate may begin.
When the gland becomes inflamed, the urethra is squeezed, as a result, the man feels intense pain during urination. The treatment of the disease is always complex under the supervision of a doctor.
What medications can be prescribed?
Before choosing a treatment regimen, the doctor performs a series of diagnostic measures. For example, a urine and blood test is mandatory. In addition, sometimes the doctor performs a digital examination of the prostate to understand the degree of development of the disease.
It should be noted that there is no one-size-fits-all treatment regimen. The doctor always prescribes exactly the right drugs for the patient. For the treatment of the prostate, several groups of drugs are used that interact in different directions:
- anesthetic agents.
- Spasmodic drugs.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Antibacterial agents.
These drug groups are mandatory in the treatment of acute and chronic prostatic disease. Depending on test results and the nature of the course of the disease, other agents may also be prescribed. To date, pharmacies offer a huge number of different pills for prostatitis in various price ranges. Of course, most men prefer to choose cheap products, especially since many have the same composition and mechanism of action in the body.
Medications for inflammation and pain
These funds are primarily aimed at eliminating inflammation in the prostate. Timely suppression of inflammation in the body contributes to a significant improvement in the general state of the body and to the prevention of its spread. These pills for prostatitis are inexpensive and quite effective, they quickly relieve inflammation.
Additionally, these medications can prevent inflammation from transitioning into a chronic form.
Sometimes, during prostatitis, patients suffer from acute pain, therefore, to relieve the condition, it is necessary to take special painkillers. In the acute nature of the disease, the pain intensifies during urination. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can help reduce pain.
In some cases, the urologist may prescribe hormonal medications that can relieve pain. As a rule, in this case, glucocorticosteroids are prescribed.
Medicines to relieve spasms
During inflammation of the prostate, a man constantly has spasms in the smooth muscle tissues of the walls of blood vessels and therefore blood circulation is disturbed and other problems and symptoms appear. Antispasmodics are used to relax smooth muscles.
If it is necessary to relieve spasm in the muscle tissues of the perineum, urethra, or bladder, agents such as centrally acting muscle relaxants are used more often. These medications eliminate pain well and bring the urination process back to normal.
If it is necessary to relax the muscle tissue of the bladder neck or urethra, drugs from the alpha-blocker group are prescribed. Such drugs help to normalize the process of urine output.
The choice of these funds is carried out by the doctor, depending on the characteristics of the patient's body. They mainly take drugs for a long time to completely restore the urination process and the functioning of the organs of the genitourinary system.
Antibacterial drugs for prostatitis
Pills for prostatitis may include antibiotics. As a rule, these drugs are needed in the event that prostatitis appeared in the body against the background of an infection. An antibacterial drug is strictly prescribed by a doctor after a series of necessary tests, with which you can determine the specific pathogen and its sensitivity to drugs.
It is highly recommended not to be treated with antibiotics.. Without research, the patient will not be able to prescribe a drug that is really effective against bacteria. It is important to remember that antibiotics have a negative effect on the body's beneficial microflora, destroying it. Due to improperly selected treatment, the patient's well-being may worsen.
With acute prostatitis, antibacterial drugs can even be given intravenously. In addition, the doctor also prescribes pills. To eliminate infection in the prostate, the following groups of drugs are used:
- fluoroquinolones. Such drugs can affect many pathogens. In addition, the active substance accumulates in the tissues, so the effect lasts for a long time.
- macrolides. Preparations of this group have a good effect on chlamydia and mycoplasmas.
- tetracyclines- effective antibacterial agents that also destroy chlamydia and mycoplasmas. The only difference is that these pills are quite difficult for patients to tolerate.
In addition to the type of antibiotic, the doctor also determines the dosage and duration of treatment. Under no circumstances should you do this yourself. Antibiotics are powerful drugs that can cure a patient and worsen the situation if used incorrectly.
Means to improve blood circulation
Often, against the background of general inflammation in the body, a man also manifests congestion in Organs pelvic organs. This pathology not only causes the development of various other diseases, but also an obstacle to the normal distribution of antibiotics and other drugs throughout the body.
Thus, active substances cannot enter the focus of infection and destroy it. That's why doctors often prescribe drugs that improve blood circulation in parallel with the administration of antibacterial agents.
The most common options for prostatitis pills
Due to the prevalence of the disease prostatitis today on the shelves of pharmacies one can find a large number of drugs intended for its treatment. However, the most popular options are the following medications:
- The drug, based on an extract of the prostate tissue of bulls, is mainly prescribed to representatives of the strong half as a drug that can cure chronic prostatitis. The action of the drug is aimed at improving metabolic processes in the gland. According to patient reviews, the drug is well tolerated and effectively eliminates the disease.
- The drug with extracts of St. John's wort, goldenrod, licorice roots and echinacea is quite effective, it is prescribed for a non-specific form of prostatitis. In most cases, it is easily tolerated by patients, however, a man should understand in advance that the duration of treatment will be about two years.
- Bioadditive for food, made entirely from natural plant ingredients. It is a complex of polypeptides and nucleic acids obtained from the prostate of bovine and swine. The action of the drug is based on the normalization of metabolism in the prostate. The convenience of this tool lies in the fact that the treatment of prostatitis with its help takes only two weeks. At the end of therapy, the normal urination process, as well as sexual capabilities, are completely restored in a man.
In addition to these funds, there are other drugs that also effectively help to eliminate inflammation in the prostate. Natural remedies are very popular nowadays. However, you need to understand that it is necessary to treat inflammation according to the cause of its occurrence. If, for example, prostatitis appeared against the background of a bacterial infection, then only antibiotics can help.
Today there are a large number of drugs in pharmacy chains. It is impossible to say unequivocally which means are better, not least because drugs can behave differently depending on the individual characteristics of the patient's body and the nature of the disease. That is why it is recommended, in any case, to undergo a preliminary examination by a doctor. So that, based on the initial data, the specialist can choose an effective treatment regimen.