A characteristic disease of men, accompanied by a disturbance of the functions of the genitourinary system and which contributes to the development of a series of irreversible pathologies, is prostatitis. The disease is an inflammation of the prostate.
As symptoms of the disease, it is worth mentioning:
- pain in almost all parts of the hip region (perineum, anus, groin, scrotum, etc. );
- urination becomes more frequent, accompanied by pain;
- body temperature rises, and the temperature in the anus is noticeably higher than the temperature in the armpit;
- joint and muscle pain of varying severity can be observed;
- periodically, there are severe headaches and general body weakness appears.
Why does prostatitis occur?
The causes of the pathology are divided into infectious and non-infectious. Obviously, in the first case, the cause of the disease is the activity of microorganisms that enter the body of the man from the outside.
Among the non-infectious reasons, it is worth highlighting the weakening of the immune system, hypothermia, low physical activity, prolonged sexual abstinence, excessively active sexual life, alcoholism.
The infectious causes of the development of prostatitis can be divided into two types. The first type of infectious cause must include infections acquired sexually from an infected partner, and the second type includes infectious diseases in the body of men against which prostatitis develops (chronic tonsillitis, sinusitis, kidney disease).
Types of prostatitis
Due to a number of factors and criteria, prostatitis is divided into acute, chronic, chronic and asymptomatic bacterial. Often, the disease is accompanied by urethritis or vesiculitis. The appearance of acute prostatitis can be based on the pathogenic activity of a large number of microorganisms (E. coli, Klebsiela, Proteus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacter, Staphylococcus aureus, etc. ). Many microorganisms are an integral part of the healthy microflora of the skin or intestine tissues, however, penetrating into the prostate tissues, they cause a rapidly developing inflammatory process. Due to the pronounced clinical symptoms, the diagnosis of an acute form of the pathology is a relatively simple measure. As a rule, blood and urine tests are sufficient, but for maximum informational content, a smear can be done for bacteriological examination, transrectal ultrasound, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging.
The development of a chronic bacterial form of prostatitis occurs as a result of the pathogenic activity of pathogenic microorganisms that have entered the tissues of the prostate. Among the methods of diagnosis of this form of the disease, it is worth mentioning urofluxometry, microscopy of prostate secretion and survey urography.
Treatment of prostatitis
The treatment of prostatitis is based on the use of antibiotics, which differ in their aggressiveness depending on the development and course of the pathology. The prescription of medications is individual in each case, it depends both on the form of the disease and on the characteristics of the organism. The prescription of medications and their dosage are determined by the responsible urologist, based on the results of the diagnostic studies. In some forms of prostatitis, combined therapy is used, that is, the use of several antibiotics at the same time, in this sense drugs are prescribed to neutralize its side effects (probiotics). It is possible to use immunostimulants to strengthen the functional capacity of the immune system and vitamin complexes. In some cases, prostate massage is prescribed. The treatment of the disease must be taken very, very seriously, at least due to the possible development of malignant neoplasms during the development of prostatitis. Prostate cancer is not only a dangerous disease, but it often threatens a person's life. In no case should you neglect the treatment and when the first signs of the disease appear, contact your urologist. Therapy in the early stages of prostatitis will allow you to get rid of the disease forever.